Unit Testing with Netbeans [Mocha]


Versions used

  • Netbeans IDE 8.2
  • Mocha 4.0.1 – Our Testing Tool
  • Chai 4.1.2 – An Assert Library

Create a HTML5 Project with Javascript Support inside Netbeans

Create a HTML5/Javascript Project and add Javascript File main2.js to the project
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  • Note: exports is a node.js concept that declares the functions that your module makes available to code outside itself

Setup Mocha as Testing Provider

Change Project Properties for Javascript Testing
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Setup Mocha/Chai [ Open a Netbeans Terminal Window]

Initialize new Node.js Project

$ cd D:\xampp\htdocs\pv\mochaTest2
$ npm init                                                                                                                                                                                  
This utility will walk you through creating a package.json file.
It only covers the most common items, and tries to guess sensible defaults.

See `npm help json` for definitive documentation on these fields
and exactly what they do.

Use `npm install ` afterwards to install a package and
save it as a dependency in the package.json file.

Press ^C at any time to quit.
package name: (mochatest2) 
version: (1.0.0) 
description: Mocha/Chai Testing
entry point: (index.js) main2.js
test command: mocha
git repository: 
author: Helmut
license: (ISC) MIT
About to write to D:\xampp\htdocs\pv\mochaTest2\package.json:

  "name": "mochatest2",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "Mocha/Chai Testing",
  "main": "main2.js",
  "directories": {
    "test": "test"
  "scripts": {
    "test": "mocha"
  "author": "Helmut",
  "license": "MIT"

Is this ok? (yes) yes

helmut@myPC /cygdrive/d/xampp/htdocs/pv/mochaTest2

Setup Mocha and Chai in our Netbeans Project Base Directory

helmut@myPC /cygdrive/d/xampp/htdocs/pv/mochaTest2
$  npm install mocha                                                                                                                                                                       
npm WARN mochatest2@1.0.0 No repository field.
+ mocha@4.0.1
added 24 packages in 2.189s

helmut@myPC /cygdrive/d/xampp/htdocs/pv/mochaTest2
$  npm install chai                                                                                                                                                                          
npm WARN mochatest2@1.0.0 No repository field.

+ chai@4.1.2
added 7 packages in 1.304s

Verify package.json – created by our previous setup steps

helmut@myPC /cygdrive/d/xampp/htdocs/pv/mochaTest2
$ cat   package.json 
  "name": "mochatest2",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "description": "Mocha/Chai Testing",
  "main": "main2.js",
  "directories": {
    "test": "test"
  "scripts": {
    "test": "mocha"
  "author": "Helmut",
  "license": "MIT",
  "dependencies": {
    "chai": "^4.1.2",
    "mocha": "^4.0.1"

Create and Run Mocha testscript manually under Unit Test direcorty

Manually run Mocha Tests via Netbeans Terminal Window
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  • Our test script mochaTest2.js imports the functions from Chai and main2.js via require()
  • describe()` is merely used for grouping test Tests – can be nested if needed
  • `it()` is a test case

Finally run Neteans Unit Tests [ ALT F6]

Open Netbeans Test Result Window to review Test Results
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  • Note: If Netbeans IDE hangs during Testing you may need to restart Netbeans to fix this !


How To Unit Testing JavaScript with Netbeans
Mocha Homepage
Working with package.json
An Absolute Beginner’s Guide to Using npm
Understanding module.exports and exports in Node.js

Decrypt HTTPS traffic with Wireshark and Fiddler


Using Wireshark on Windows 7 – Key Facts and Overview

  • Wireshark is a traffic analyzer, that helps you to learn how networking work and how to diagnose Network problems
  • To track SSL Traffic on Windows we use Wireshark with Session Key Logging
  • If the Browser uses the Diffie-Hellman cipher we need to disable it

Understanding the SSL Handshake Protocol

TLS/SSL Handshake Diagram
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  • The SSL or TLS client sends a “client hello” message that lists cryptographic information such as the SSL or TLS version and, in the client’s order of preference, the CipherSuites supported by the client
  • The SSL or TLS server responds with a “server hello” message that contains the CipherSuite chosen by the server from the list provided by the client
  • Reference: An overview of the SSL or TLS handshake
  • Note: The “server hello” is very important as it Diffie-Hellman Cipher can’t be traced !

Disable the Diffie-Hellman Cipher for Browsers

Disable the Diffie-Hellman Cipher for Firefox

  • Launch Firefox, navigate to “about:config” from address bar
  • Double click all the Diffie-Hellman ciphers starting with dhe or ecdhe to change the Value to false
  • Restart Firefox to take effect
Disable the Diffie-Hellman Cipher for Firefox
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Disable the Diffie-Hellman Cipher for Chrome

  • View the default Cipher Suites list from the Client Hello message of Chrome
  • Append all the ciphers that contain “ECDHE” or “DHE” in hex to command line parameter:”–cipher-suite-blacklist” and launch Chrome
  • Sample: chrome.exe –cipher-suite-blacklist=0xc02b,0xc02f,0x009e,0xcc14,0xcc13,0xc00a,0xc014,0x0039,0xc009,0xc013,0x0033
Cipher Suites (15 suites)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0xc02b)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0xc02f)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0x009e)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xcc14)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256 (0xcc13)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0xc00a)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0xc014)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0x0039)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0xc009)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0xc013)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0x0033)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0x009c)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA (0x0035)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA (0x002f)
     Cipher Suite: TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA (0x000a)

Testing SSL Decryption with Wireshark

Setup Wireshark

Activate Session Key Logging on Windows Action
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  • Create SSLKEYLOGFILE enviroment variable
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  • Enable SSLKEYLOGFILE for SSL Protocol
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  • If needed add add. HTTPS Ports like : Port 8443
  • Edit -> Preferences -> Protocols -> HTTP

Run Wireshark and decrypt a TLS/SSL packet

Run first https test against Google Website
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  • Testing against https:/gooogle.de
  • The decrypted SSL indicates that this packet was decrypted sucessfully !

Advantages / Disadvantages using Wireshark

Advantages Disadvantages
A little bit complicated Very detailed Info for the complete Network Stack
You need to know a lot of Networking Details Client must support SSLKEYLOGFILE feature
Support only certain Browsers [ Firefox, Chrome ] and email clients [ thunderbird] No support for cURL and WordPress function like wp_get_remote() and


Using Fiddler

Fiddler – How it Works

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  • To read HTTPS data Fiddler is acting like a Man-in-the-Middle
  • Fiddler is listening to following Network proxy: localhost:8888
  • On startup Fiddler registers as a WinINET-Proxy service
  • All Browsers [ like Chrrome, Firefox ] taking care of this service sends its data to the >Fiddler-Proxy first
  • Finally Fiddler sends the data to the Target Host

Setup – Enable Decryption of SSL/HTTPS traffic

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  • Menu: Tools -> Option -> HTTPS
  • Check: X Decrypt HTTPS Traffic

Decrypt cURL HTTPS traffic with Fiddler

Using cUrl : add –proxy to the cUrl command
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  • Start Fiddler
    [Note Fiddler uses Portnumber: 8888 per Default ]
  • Add –proxy to your curl command
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  • Use Inspectors menu item
  • This gives as a decrypted view of the HTTPS Post Request
  • Note: Passwords and Username can now easily extracted
  • Use the RAW menu item to get details about
    HTTPS Response Request like:
    HTTP Response Code, HTTPS Header and HTTPS
    Response Body

Decrypt WordPress HTTPS traffic for wp_remote_get()/wp_remote_post() with Fiddler

Application Details

Display Timelines with Fiddler

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  • Page load [ /pv/wr] is decoupled from the PHP processing
  • PHP processing [initWRApp.php] is triggered via Ajax Request
  • All Remote PHP processing steps [login.action, tologin.action and summaryInfo.action] runs sequentially

Display HTTP Packet Details with Fiddler

Step1 : Initial Page Load WebBrowser -> Local Webserver []
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  • Protocal: HTTP
  • Http Get Request to load the initial Page
Step2: Starting PHP Remote Processing WebBrowser -> Local Webserver []
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  • Protocal: HTTP
  • Http Get Request to start PHP Remote Processing with wp_remote_get and wp_remote_post
Step3: Authenticate with Username/Password against Remote Webserver Local Webserver [] -> Remote Webserver [ ]
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  • Protocol: HTTPS Post
  • URL:!login.action
  • WordPress Function used: wp_remote_post()
  • Remote Webserver return “op.successfully” if login OK !
  • Remote Webserver return New JSESSIONID cookie if login OK !
Step 4: Capture initial Page after Login into Remote Werbserver Local Webserver [] -> Remote Webserver []
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  • Protocol: HTTPS Get
  • URL:!tologin.action
  • WordPress Function used: wp_remote_get()
  • Remote Webserver return Initial Webpage after successful login!
  • Remote Webserver return X-CSRF-Token which should be used for subsequent requests
Step 5: Finally capture Data from Remote Werbserver Local Webserver [] -> Remote Webserver []
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  • Protocol: HTTPS Post
  • URL:!querySummaryInfo.action?nodeSN=0
  • WordPress Function used: wp_remote_post()
  • Remote Webserver return Data in Json Format
  • For this request we use JSESSIONID cookie returned from Step 3
  • For this request we use X-CSRF-TOKEN returned from Step 4

Advantages/Disadvantages using Fiddler

Advantages Disadvantages
Easy Setup Only HTTP/HTTP traffic can be monitored
Support all sort of clients like cURl, PHP, Browers, Email Clients, …